Mariculture is a specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food
and other products in an enclosed section of the sea (cages/pens), or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are
filled with saline water. Generally the mariculture production data focuses on commercial data, which is the
output of marine and brackish farming activities for profit whose final harvest is used for human consumption.It
is a promising sector by which the additional marine fish requirement can be met in the future years. It is also
the fastest growing sub-sector of aquaculture. At global level, mariculture produces many high value finfish,
crustaceans, and molluscs viz. oysters, mussels, clams, cockles and scallops.
- To supplement the marine fish production through:
- production of fin fish seed by diversification of shrimp hatcheries
- open sea cage culture.
- Diversified mariculture through molluscan farming
- Popularization of concept of the cage culture through setting of model demonstration and units and imparting training to the traditional fishermen