Research methodology is the specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information about a topic. ‘Re’ means again. ‘Search’ means seeking facts. Research means search again for new facts. Research is a search for knowledge. It is an essential and powerful tool in leading men towards progress. Research is a process of systematic and in-depth study or search of any particular topic, subject or area of investigation backed by collection, computation, presentation and interpretation of relevant data.
- To understand some basic concepts of research and its methodologies
- identify appropriate research topics or problems
- prepare a project proposal (to undertake a project)
- organize and conduct research (advanced project) in a more appropriate manner
- write a research report and thesis
- Research methodology, OR Krishnamoorthi, Himalaya publishing house, Mumbai
- Research methodology, C R Kothari
- Research Methodology K.R.Sharma National Publishing House
- Methodology for Social Science Research, L R Potti
Unit 01: Research methodology- meaning. Research, meaning, objectives, significance. Research process- different steps, criteria for good research. Types of research descriptive, analytical, applied, fundamental, quantitative, qualitative, empirical and conceptual.
Unit 02: Selection of research problem-sources-technique involved in defining a problem.
Unit 03: Research design-meaning-need, concepts-elements Sampling design-steps criteria of selecting a sampling procedure-sampling process
Unit 04: Types of data-primary data -meaning-advantages-disadvantages-methods of collecting primary data-sources. Secondary data- meaning, advantages disadvantages-sources.
Unit 05: Interpretation-meaning-techniques-of interpretation. Report writing-significance types of reports; (technical and popular) steps-layout-oral presentation. Note on course work. This course should not be taught in the conventional lecture method alone. Every lecture should be complemented by an appropriate activity (For example, reference, assignments, project reports etc.).